I plan to spend a few days going through the database system offered by the USDA. I feel as though there is a general misconception concerning the aggregate agricultural production of certain commodities in the U.S. I want to see the variety of crops that are produced in California, in particular in comparison to the “Bread Basket”/ Great Plains in the U.S. Also, I want to see how these crops vary in what their prices are in the domestic and international markets.
I found it interesting that according to IBGE, in 1980 (yes no 33 years ago), 19% of the total agricultural PIB of Brazil was produced in the state of São Paulo. Here they produced, 46% of the sugercane, 38% of the coffee, 72% of peanuts, 48% of tomatoes, 37% of the cotton, 24% of the potatoes, 23% of the poultry (I’d like to see if SP lost ground to Paraná), 73% of oranges, and 44% of onions (70 Elias).
It would be interesting to see if this concentration has decreased over time, and to note which crops have intensified in São Paulo while which crops are no longer cultivated or are now being produced in other regions. I’d like to see in California has slowly monopolized fruit, nut, and vegetable production in the U.S. and where these crops were traditionally cultivated 100-200 years ago (was it in the eastern states or the south?).
I looked at the “Production Acreage by County” for the commodities. Only one of the interesting observations to note is that soybeans are not cultivated in California in any significant quanity.
The book in reference is by Denise Elias titled “Globalizaç!ao e Agricultura”.